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Deer Hoof Necklace

Date: 1880-1900

Description: This necklace was made from the hooves of deer and elk by the Winnebago or Ho-Chunk people. It was used during a special “Rainmaker’s Dance,” which helped bring rain to the region. The details of the dance are preserved in the Winnebago tribe by oral tradition. This necklace would have been used in the dance with special “invitation sticks,” which were wrapped in tobacco leaves and smoked by the warriors at rest periods during the dance. These sticks are on display nearby this necklace in the Sioux City Public Museum gallery.

Donor: Florence White


On display

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